World AIDS Day – Humanity Above Everything
WHAT IS WORLD AIDS DAY?
World AIDS Day takes place on the first Dec annually ( 01 DEC ). It’s a chance for individuals worldwide to unite within the fight against HIV, to point out support for individuals living with HIV, ANd to commemorate people who have died from an AIDS-related unwellness. based in 1988, World AIDS Day was the 1st ever international health day.
HOW AIDS SPREADS?
To become infected with HIV, infected blood, semen or vaginal secretions should enter your body. this could happen in many ways:
- By having sex. You’ll become infected if you have got vaginal, anal or oral sex with an infected partner whose blood, semen or vaginal secretions enter your body. The virus will enter your body through mouth sores or tiny tears that typically develop within the rectum or vagina during sexual intercourse.
- From blood transfusions. In some cases, the virus could also be transmitted through blood transfusions. american hospitals and blood banks currently screen the blood supply for HIV antibodies, thus this risk is extremely little.
- By sharing needles. Sharing contaminated endovenous drug appurtenances (needles and syringes) puts you at high risk of HIV and alternative infectious diseases, like hepatitis.
- During pregnancy or delivery or through breast-feeding. Infected mothers can pass the virus on to their babies. HIV-positive mothers World Health Organization get treatment for the infection throughout pregnancy will considerably lower the danger to their babies.
PREVENTION OF AIDS
There’s no vaccine to prevent HIV infection and no cure for AIDS. however you’ll be able to shield yourself and others from infection.
To help prevent the spread of HIV:
- Use a brand new condom each time you have sex. Use a new condom every time you have anal or vaginal sex. girls can use a feminine condom. If using lubricant, ensure it’s water-based. Oil-based lubricants will weaken condoms and cause them to break. throughout oral sex use a nonlubricated, cut-open condom or a dental dam — a piece of medical-grade latex.
- Consider the drug Truvada. The drug emtricitabine-tenofovir (Truvada) will reduce the danger of sexually transmitted HIV infection in people at terribly high risk. you need to take it on a daily basis. It does not stop other STIs, thus you will still need to practice safe sex. If you’ve got hepatitis B you ought to be evaluated by AN infectious disease or liver specialist before beginning therapy. you’ll need a blood test to examine your kidney function before taking this drug.
- Tell your sexual partners if you’ve got HIV. it is important to tell all of your current and past sexual partners that you are HIV-positive. they will need to be tested.
Use a clean needle. If you use a needle to inject drugs, ensure it’s sterile and do not share it. take advantage of needle-exchange programs in your community and consider seeking help for your drug use.
- If you are pregnant, get treatment quickly. If you are HIV-positive, you may pass the infection to your baby. however if you receive treatment throughout pregnancy, you’ll be able to cut your baby’s risk significantly.
- Consider male circumcision. there is proof that male circumcision will help reduce a man’s risk of getting HIV infection.
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